After working and teaching in France for several years, he was dispatched to Quebec in to preach to the Indigenous peoples of the Americaswhere he showed great proficiency in the local languages, especially Huron. In Father Marquette French: Lawrence River in the western Great Lakes.
Jacques Marquette was a French Jesuit missionary who founded the first settlement in Michigan and became one of the first people to explore the northern portion of the Mississippi River.
Marquette accomplished much in his short life and his name still remains on the history books that are studied by many students.
At a young age he seemed to show a passion for the ministry and his peers recognized it. In the Jesuits assigned him to New France as a missionary to the natives in the area. When he arrived Marquette quickly learned the local languages of the different tribes, specializing in the Huron Indian tribe.
Jacques Marquette went on to found multiple mission in the western Great Lakes region.
He had a hand in founding missions in modern-day Michigan, St. Ignace, La Pointe, and in present day Wisconsin. His approach to converting the native population was much different than the Spanish Conquistadors. His approach often led to peaceful discussions of trade rather than brutalizing them.
This approach was more diplomatic and often netted him more information. He learned of an important trading route of the Mississippi River. Marquette returned to his superiors and requested permission to explore it. Exploring the Mississippi Permission was given, and inMarquette joined the expedition of Louis Jolliet, a French-Canadian explorer.
They departed from St. Ignace on May 17, with two canoes and five voyageurs of French-Indian ancestry. From there, they were told to portage their canoes a distance of slightly less than two miles through marsh and oak plains to the Wisconsin River. Many years later, at that point the town of Portage, Wisconsin was built, named for the ancient path between the two rivers.
From the portage, they ventured forth, and on June 17, they entered the Mississippi near present-day Wisconsin. The expedition traveled to within miles of the Gulf of Mexico but turned back at the mouth of the Arkansas River. By this point they had encountered several natives carrying European trinkets, and they feared an encounter with explorers or colonists from Spain.
They followed the Mississippi back to the mouth of the Illinois River, which they learned from local natives provided a shorter route back to the Great Lakes.
In September Marquette stopped at the mission of St. Francis Xavier, located in present-day Green Bay, Wisconsin, while Jolliet returned to Quebec to relate the news of their discoveries. Death Marquette and his party returned to the Illinois Territory in latebecoming the first Europeans to winter in what would become the city of Chicago.
As welcomed guests of the Illinois Confederation, the explorers were feasted en route and fed ceremonial foods such as sagamite. In the spring ofMarquette traveled westward and celebrated a public mass at the Grand Village of the Illinois near Starved Rock.
On the return trip to St. Ignace, he died at age 37 near the modern town of Ludington, Michigan.Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette in , when they explored the Mississippi and Illinois rivers.
Near present-day Peoria, René-Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle, established the first French foothold, Fort Crèvecoeur, and built Fort Saint Louis near Ottawa. Jacques Marquette was born in Laon, France, on June 1, He joined the Society of Jesus at age 17 and became a Jesuit yunusemremert.com: Jun 01, Frenchman Jacques Marquette became an explorer in the mids, not only because of his interest in travel and discovery of new lands, but also because of his religion.
At age 17, Marquette—who was born in Laon, France, on June 1, —joined the Society of Jesus and became a Jesuit yunusemremert.com: Jun 01, Jacques Marquette was a French Jesuit missionary who founded the first settlement in Michigan and became one of the first people to explore the northern portion of the Mississippi River.
Marquette accomplished much in his short life and his name still remains on the history books that are studied by many students. Biography. Jacques Marquette was born in Laon, France, on June 1, , and joined the Society of Jesus at age After he worked and taught in France for several years, the Jesuits assigned him to New France in as a .
Jacques Marquette facts: Jacques Marquette () was a French Jesuit, missionary, and explorer who followed the Illinois and Mississippi rivers on a journey of discovery.
Jacques Marquette was the son of a seigneur of Laon.