Guisepi This is the story of how the American Republic developed from colonial beginnings in the 16th century, when the first European explorers arrived, until modern times. At the same time, the population and the economy of the United States grew and changed dramatically. The population diversified as immigrants arrived from all countries of the world.
Pre-Colonial era[ edit ] Prior to the arrival of Europeans in North America, the continent supported a diverse range of indigenous cultures. While some populations were primarily hunter-gatherersother populations relied on agriculture.
To fertilize this crop, they used small fish which they called herrings or shads. Cotton became a major plantation crop after in the " Black Belt ," that is the region from North Carolina in an arc through Texas where the climate allowed for cotton cultivation.
The "Black Belt" was originally named after the black soil; but came to refer to the high percentage of African-Americans working as slaves in the area. Apart from the tobacco and rice plantations, the great majority of farms were subsistence, producing food for the family and some for trade and taxes.
Throughout the colonial period, subsistence farming was pervasive. Farmers supplemented their income with sales of surplus crops or animals in the local market, or by exports to the slave colonies in the West Indies. Logging, hunting and fishing supplemented the family economy.
German Americans brought with them practices and traditions that were quite different from those of the English and Scots. They adapted Old World techniques to a much more abundant land supply. Furthermore, the Germans showed a long-term tendency to keep the farm in the family and to avoid having their children move to towns.
The Scots Irish built their livelihoods on some farming but more herding of hogs and cattle. In the American colonies, the Scots-Irish focused on mixed farming. Using this technique, they grew corn for human consumption and for livestock feed, especially for hogs.
Many improvement-minded farmers of different backgrounds began using new agricultural practices to increase their output. During the s, these agricultural innovators replaced the hand sickles and scythes used to harvest hay, wheat, and barley with the cradle scythe, a tool with wooden fingers that arranged the stalks of grain for easy collection.
This tool was able to triple the amount of work done by a farmer in one day. A few scientifically informed farmers mostly wealthy planters like George Washington began fertilizing their fields with dung and lime and rotating their crops to keep the soil fertile.
Beforemost colonists in the mid-Atlantic region worked in small-scale farming and paid for imported manufactures by supplying the West Indies with corn and flour. In New York, a fur-pelt export trade to Europe flourished and added additional wealth to the region.
Aftermid-Atlantic farming was stimulated by the international demand for wheat. A massive population explosion in Europe drove wheat prices up. Bya bushel of wheat cost twice as much as it did in Many poor German immigrants and Scots-Irish settlers began their careers as agricultural wage laborers.page2.
page3. page4. page5. page6. page7. page8. page9. Message Board. Weekly Poll: The United States Of America. Various Authors. Edited By: R. A.
Guisepi. This is the story of how the American Republic developed from colonial beginnings in the 16th century, when the first European explorers arrived, until modern times.
United States, officially United States of America, abbreviated U.S. or U.S.A., byname America, country in North America, a federal republic of 50 states.
Besides the 48 conterminous states that occupy the middle latitudes of the continent, the United States includes the state of Alaska, at the northwestern extreme of North America, and the island state of Hawaii, in the mid-Pacific Ocean.
United States History I. Introduction United States History, story of how the republic developed from colonial beginnings in the 16th century, when the first European explorers arrived, until modern times.
Brian Greenberg is the Jules Plangere, Jr. Chair in American Social History at Monmouth University, West Long Branch, NJ.. Richard A. Greenwald is associate professor of history and director of the Business, Society, and Culture Program at Drew University, Madison, NJ, and an associate editor at the journal Enterprise & Society..
Gordon Reavley is a tutor in art history and critical theory at. Year Events Era Country State Subject; (ca.) BCE: Evidence suggests that African travelers may have come to the Americas before Europeans.
One indication is the great stone carvings of the Olmec era in Mexico, bearing African facial features. page2. page3.
page6. page7. page8. page9. Message Board. Weekly Poll: The United States Of America. Various Authors. Edited By: R. A. Guisepi. This is the story of how the American Republic developed from colonial beginnings in the 16th century, when the first European explorers arrived, until modern times.