ADA Text Version A federal system of government, such as in the United States, divides power and responsibilities between the national government and state governments. At first glance, the U. Constitution appears to make this division clear.
Advertisement The Constitution is often hailed as a marvel of brevity and of clarity. It was, however, written in the 18th century, and many of the ideas, concepts, words, phrases, and euphemisms seem odd to us today, if not down right foreign.
Some of the more obscure words are defined in The Glossary. But what of the Constitution itself? What does it mean?
What does each article, each section, say? This page is like a synopsis or summary of the Constitution, article by article, amendment by amendment.
This should not be taken as a substitute for the Constitution, but more like a study guide. The Preamble to the Constitution has no force in law; instead, it establishes the "Why" of the Constitution. Why is this document in existence? It reflects the desires of the Framers to improve on the government they currently had to be "more perfect" than the Articles of Confederationto ensure that that government would be just, and would protect its citizens from internal strife and from attack from the outside.
It would be of benefit to the people, rather than to its detriment. And, perhaps as importantly, it intended to do the same for the future generations of Americans.
A more extensive exploration of the Preamble is also available. Article 1 establishes the first of the three branches of the government, the Legislature.
Section 1 establishes the name of the Legislature to be The Congress, a bicameral, or two-part, body. Section 2 defines the House of Representatives, known as the lower house of Congress. It establishes a few minimum requirements, like a year-old age limit, and establishes that the people themselves will elect the members for two years each.
The members of the House are divided among the states proportionally, or according to size, giving more populous states more representatives in the House. The leader of the House is the Speaker of the House, chosen by the members.
Section 3 defines the upper house of Congress, the Senate. Again, it establishes some minimum requirements, such as a year-old age limit. Senators were originally appointed by the legislatures of the individual states, though this later changed.
They serve for six years each. Each state has equal suffrage in the Senate, meaning that each state has the exact same number of Senators, two each, regardless of the population.
This Section introduces the Vice-President, who is the leader of the Senate called the President of the Senate ; the Vice-President does not vote unless there is a tie. Section 4 says that each state may establish its own methods for electing members of the Congress, and mandates, or requires, that Congress must meet at least once per year.
Section 5 says that Congress must have a minimum number of members present in order to meet, and that it may set fines for members who do not show up. It says that members may be expelled, that each house must keep a journal to record proceedings and votes, and that neither house can adjourn without the permission of the other.
Section 6 establishes that members of Congress will be paid, that they cannot be detained while traveling to and from Congress, that they cannot hold any other office in the government while in the Congress.
Section 7 details how bills become law. First, any bill for raising money such as by taxes or fees must start out in the House. All bills must pass both houses of Congress in the exact same form.Web version based on the Introduction by Roger A.
Bruns to A More Perfect Union: The Creation of the United States Constitution. Washington, DC: Published for the National Archives and Records Administration by the National Archives Trust Fund Board, 33 p.
UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION The backstory 3 In the spring and summer of , fifty-six men met in Philadelphia. These men knew a great deal about government. The United States has three branches of government: the executive, the legislative and the judicial.
Each of these branches has a distinct and essential role in the function of the government, and they were established in Articles 1 (legislative), 2 (executive) and 3 (judicial) of the U.S.
Constitution. In the United States, immediately after World War I, they set up what they called the "Council on Foreign Relations," commonly referred to as the CFR, and this CFR is actually the Illuminati in the United States and its hierarchy.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States. The Constitution, originally comprising seven articles, delineates the national frame of yunusemremert.com effective: June 21, Located on the upper level of the National Archives museum, is the permanent home of the original Declaration of Independence, Constitution of the United States, and Bill of Rights.